The balloon shaped organ located in the pelvic area which stores urine is the bladder. Cancer in the bladder is not an uncommon disease. The tumors start developing on the surface and even within the wall. The occurrence of this type of cancer is more common in men as compared to women.
Blood in the urine is one of the most common symptoms of bladder cancer. The bleeding is visible to eye and is painless. The symptoms may occur in episodes giving a false belief to the patient of being safe. The frequency of urination also increases and one can feel a burning sensation while urinating. So, if you have faced any of these situations then it’s time to see your doctor. The cancer is further categorized as invasive and superficial disease. The superficial one is bound to the innermost walls only while the invasive cancer has infiltrated to the muscular layer as well. The cancer is curable once diagnosed on time.
The growth of unusual cells in the kidney tissues is known as cancer of the kidney. It is also known as renal carcinoma. The acute causes of kidney cancer are not known but obesity and smoking are some of the external factors that cause this cancer. The tumors of kidney cancer are slow growing which makes it difficult to diagnose it. A person having bladder cancer is more likely to have kidney cancer too and vice versa.
PSA or the Prostate Specific Antigen is a protein that is produced by prostate gland. High PSA level indicates the presence of prostate cancer. There is a particular test to measure the PSA level in blood. You can care open to a number of options if you are looking for prostate cancer treatment. The prostate cancer is categorized into different stages depending on the TNM (tumor, node, metastasis) system. The tumor or T stage indicates the extent to which the cancer has affected the prostate glands. Node or N stage indicates the level of involvement of the lymph nodes. Metastasis or M stage indicates whether it has affected or metastasized in any other body parts.
Thanks to the involvement of robotics in surgery that makes these surgeries more effective and safe. Chemotherapy, radiation therapy, cryosurgery are some of the treatments available for prostate cancer. The selection of the type of treatment to be used depends on the TNM ratings obtained from the test.