If you are reading this article, i think that most probably you are concerned about this medical condition. If you are frustrated by hemorrhoids, you should not fret too much over it; hemorrhoids can be treated! Do not worry as there is still hope! Right now, I will discuss more with reference to hemorrhoids.
What exactly are hemorrhoids?
The name hemorrhoids really relates to a circumstance in which the veins near the anus or lower rectum are swollen and inflamed. Increased straining during bowel movements may eventually result in hemorrhoids. Other contributing issues involve pregnancy, aging, chronic constipation or diarrhea, and anal intercourse. There are in general two types of hemorrhoids, either external hemorrhoids located under the skin around the anus or internal hemorrhoids inside the anus.
Hemorrhoids are normal in both men and women. About half of the population has hemorrhoids by age 50. Hemorrhoids are also common among pregnant women. The pressure of the fetus on the abdomen, as well as hormonal changes, cause the hemorrhoidal vessels to enlarge. These vessels are also placed under severe pressure during childbirth. For most women, however, hemorrhoids caused by pregnancy are a temporary problem.
What exactly are the common symptoms of hemorrhoids?
You should not mistake various anorectal problems, including fissures, fistulae, abscesses, or irritation and itching, also called pruritus ani, for hemorrhoids even though they have comparable symptoms because they are totally dissimilar medical conditions. Hemorrhoids or piles are neither life-threatening nor dangerous and therefore, you should not worry too much. The symptoms of hemorrhoids in most situations will subside after a few days or so.
You may be surprised to hear that although many people may have hemorrhoids, not all of them will experience the symptoms of hemorrhoids. For internal hemorrhoids, the most common symptom is bright red blood covering the stool, on toilet paper, or in the toilet bowl. A special case is that of a protruding hemorrhoid where an internal hemorrhoid protrudes through the anus and appears outside the body and this is particularly painful.
Symptoms of external hemorrhoids may consist of painful swelling or a hard lump around the anus that results when a blood clot forms. This condition is known as a thrombosed external hemorrhoid. Moreover, excessive straining, rubbing, or cleaning around the anus may result in irritation with bleeding and/or itching, which may produce a vicious cycle of symptoms. Draining mucus may also cause itching.
What is the diagnosis of hemorrhoids like?
Your doctor will perform a very detailed evaluation and proper diagnosis on you if you do note that there is bleeding from the rectum or when you detect blood in your stool. The presence of blood may even indicate the possibility of colorectal cancer and also other digestive illnesses.
The doctor will examine the anus and rectum to look for swollen blood vessels that indicate hemorrhoids and will also perform a digital rectal exam with a gloved, lubricated finger to feel for abnormalities. If the doctor wants to do a more in-depth rectal examination, then he will have to either use the anoscope or the proctoscope.
An anoscope is a hollow, lighted tube useful for viewing internal hemorrhoids while a proctoscope is more useful for a complete examination of the entire rectum. To eliminate other possible causes of gastrointestinal bleeding, the doctor may choose to examine the rectum and lower colon, or sigmoid, with sigmoidoscopy or the entire colon with colonoscopy.
Both of these procedures are used during the diagnostic stage and they involve the insertion of a very light and flexible tube through the rectum for ease of examination through optic technology.